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Category Archives: Automotive

Vehicle’s Cooling System

Radiator

Check the exterior of the radiator for leaks and corrosion, damaged tubes and clogged fins. Also, inspect head gasket regularly. You can identify blown out head gasket with signs of oily deposits inside the fill neck of radiator.

Radiator pressure cap test

The radiator caps are a critical part of the cooling system and are prone to fatigue and wear, and this may lead to loss of pressure control. Therefore, check the radiator pressure cap for the recommended system pressure level at regular intervals.

Check thermostat if it is properly opening and closing

The thermostat controls the amount of coolant being released into the engine. It should open and allow coolant to pass once the engine is adequately heated. Sometimes thermostats can wear and they remain closed. A thermostat that is stuck in the closed position will result in poor circulation of coolant and this leads to overheating of the engine. It is important that the thermostat opens and closes to regulate the engine coolant temperature.

Pressure test to identify external leaks

You also need to check and identify any external leaks and damages to any of the components of the cooling system that include the water pump, radiator, engine coolant passages, heater hoses and heater core. If you suspect there is a problem with any of the components, replace it.

Internal leak test

When you find an internal leak in the cooling system, do an internal leak test by using a pressure tester to check if there is any combustion gas leakage. It is safe to perform a leak check when the vehicle is cold and the engine is switched off.

Techniques to Driving in Rain

pace, while coping with the probability of heavier traffic.

2. The headlights need to be turned on, even in light rain, to see and be seen.

3. Front and rear defoggers must be kept on to keep the windows clear.

4. The crash avoidance space must be increased.

5. It takes longer to stop in the rain, so the pace should be slower than it normally is.

6. Brakes must be applied earlier and with lesser force. The stopping distance between you and your car is thus increased, signaling the car driving behind you to actually slow down.

7. Drivers need to have a sharp lookout in regards to pedestrians. Rain is that time of the year when even the most attentive people can lose their attention span. Distraction to ordinary people can come out of sudden opening of an umbrella. Rushing out of the way to get wet, it is usually harder for people to hear the sound of your approach over the sound of the rain.

8. If the rains are stopping you, from looking at the car or road in front, and in case you are feeling too anxious, make sure you pull over and wait till the rain is down.

Car Breakdown During Long Road Trip

• Make sure you check oil and coolant levels. If you are not familiar with doing this, you can follow the instructions on your vehicle manual.

• Check your car’s cooling system as well. Look for signs that it is leaking or if the cooling fan is not working properly. A leaking cooling system or inoperative cooling fan can cause your car to overheat and it can also cause damage to the engine.

• Closely inspect all wiper blades for any signs of wear and tear and cracks.

• Make sure that you also check the windscreen washer fluid level and that the washer jets are adjusted correctly.

• Check the condition of all the tires as well. And this includes the spares. Make sure all the tires have the right pressures and legal tread depth.

• Check the jack and wheel brace to ensure that they working properly. If the locking wheel nuts are fitted, make sure that the locking key is securely stowed away in the vehicle.

• Make sure that all dashboard warning lights are fully and correctly functioning.

• Keep your spare set of car keys in a safe and secure place.

• Always have the number of reliable towing company on speed dial. A tow truck can help and even rescue you when your car breaks down unexpectedly.

Deploying Strobe Lights

Stroboscopic Light –

The energy the flash of these lights comprises is between 10 and 150 joules, depending upon the application and purpose, they are being used for. 150 joules is a considerable amount of energy that is sufficient for disorienting an individual, at a crime scene. The very first version of strobes was typically an aide in the practice of photography, but with the changes and advancements in their production method, these lights now stand as a help during police operations.

In the recent past, popularity of these lighting systems had been very high because of their performance and their price. The below subsections of the article discuss some of those benefits, keeping in view the purposes of police and first responders.

Disorienting of a suspect –

Strobes blast a very high intensity flash of light, which creates a temporary visual effect on the mind of the suspect, through his/her eyes. This visual effect affects the suspect in a way that his/her mind becomes unable to adjust and react very quickly. This temporary disability varies with the intensity, frequency and duration of light. The frequency could be adjusted as per requirements. That is why these are also called tactical lights.

Temporarily restricting the vision of a suspect –

Due to the high intensity of light wave, the photoreceptor of eyes cannot reset very quickly at night. This overwhelms vision of an individual. The frequency confuses the brain and hinders its ability of clear perception, which, for a moment or so, blocks the vision and thinking abilities of a person. The direct and peripheral vision of an individual reduces. He/she remains in the same condition, which reverses after the lights have been turned off.

Car Door Actuator

Location of the Device

The device is located on the door of your car-below the latch. In some modern cars, you can find it integrated into your car system thus you can’t easily locate it.

The device receives voltage from the control switch. When it receives the voltage the door latch is activated and electromagnetism is generated. If your actuator has an electrical motor design, there is a gear set which unlocks and locks the doors of your car.

How To Install The Actuator

If your car doesn’t have the actuator you should consider installing it. You should start by prying the power lock switch and the power window switch from the door panel. You should then unplug the door switch before you put the switch aside.

While removing the door panel from the door, you should lift the panel upwards in order to clear the top of the door. You should then reconnect the window switch and close the window. After closing the window you should remove the switch.

You should unplug the pigtail from the base of the power lock and unbolt the actuator from the door using the socket set. You should then rotate the actuator in such a way that you are able to allow the lock rod to slip free from the eyelet.

You should remove and replace the actuator by hand and then hook the new actuator onto the lock rod. Finally, you should bolt the new actuator to the door and plug the wiring pigtail.

Types of Brake Pads

In the past, the most popular brake pad is the organic brake pad, which is made from asbestos. Asbestos is effective in absorbing and dissipating heat from friction. However, when it breaks down, a lot of brake dust will show up, which is harmful to people’s health. Thus, asbestos is gradually abandoned by most of the manufacturers. Instead, the manufacturers have created the nonasbestos organic brake pad, which is made from natural materials like rubber, glass, and resins. The main advantage of this kind of pad is that it’s environmental-friendly and is easier to be disposed of. Nevertheless, the disappointing fact is that since it is much softer, it wears faster, creating even more dust than the ones made from asbestos. Besides, although nonasbestos organic ones work well in normal street driving, once exposed to high temperatures or heavy load, they lose their high efficiency in stopping the car. Thus, they are only suitable for small cars that don’t do much aggressive driving, with limited hard stops and the light weight of the car being the necessities as well.

A metallic brake pad is another option for your car. Made from iron, copper, steel and graphite, metallic pads give superb performance in dissipating heat generated by friction between themselves and the brake rotors. The reason why they are so popular among the vehicle users is that they are really cost-effective and durable. Nonetheless, the metallic ones are so heavy that they don’t make a good choice for high performance racing. Also, since they are very hard, they can cause more wear on the brake rotors than other types of the brake pads do. Moreover, when the days are cold, it might take slightly longer than usual for the car with metallic brake pads to stop, for the metallic ones work best when they’re warm.

Light and durable, ceramic brake pads might be the best of all the types of the pads. Made from ceramic fibers, filler material, bonding agents and a small amount of copper fibers, the ceramic brake pad makes itself the best partner of the sports cars. However, due to its high price, it is not as popular as the two types mentioned above.

Portable Car Tent

Whenever you need to park your lovely beauty outside. Your car will thank you for this. If you are waiting for someone in your car, it can never get better than this. If you are planning outdoor activities, your car definitely needs the car tent. Also, it is helpful when you go on business trips. All in all, you can use this car protection almost everywhere because it is useful for different occasions. This tent can protect your automobile from ta variety of elements. For example, your vehicle will stay protected from things like dust, sap, acid rain, and bird droppings. Ultimately, this equals fewer car washes and your car stays looking great longer, saving you time and money.

It is made up from a superior kind of material which does not hurt the surface of the vehicle at all. The bottom is made up of soft TPU circle which allows no scratching. The high-tech frame is made up from military grade hardened material fiberglass. The frame is made to be tough, strong and aging resistance and to ensure the stability of this item. It comprises of a battery which is required to charge once a month, making it very convenient.

This tent changes the temperature inside of the car for 35 degrees, simply covering it and making a shadow on the top of the car roof. It will be like under the big tree with the wide shade. If you are picnic lover, you will be happy if you know that they will make the same tent for the outdoor activities for the people and their tables and outside beds.

About Kids and Auto Safety

It has also been found that children learn auto safety habits from their parents. Nearly 40% of children that are riding in a vehicle where their parents didn’t bother to put on their seatbelts also did not have their seat belts on. Simply teaching your children to never get in a car without putting on their seat belt can be life saving.

Another big issue with child safety in automobiles is incorrectly used car seats, booster seats and seat belts. When using a car or booster seat, it is critical to read the instruction manual. The manual will give parents the details for proper installation of the seat into the vehicle and its proper use, not to mention the appropriate ages and heights that the seats are used for. It is estimated that over 45% of typical child restraint devices are used incorrectly by parents, thus reducing their effectiveness and even putting the child in harm’s way.

The fact is, proper usage of child restraint devices such as booster seats, car seats and seat belts is the #1 way to protect your child from fatal and serious injuries while you are driving. Proper use of a car seat reduces the risk of injury and death for infants by over 70%. For toddlers, ages 1 through 4 years old, the use of age appropriate car seats reduces the risk of injury by over 50%. For larger kids, ages 4 through 8 years old, a booster seat has been shown to reduce the risk of injury by 45%, when used in conjunction with a seat belt. Of course, for children over 8 and teens, proper seat belt use reduces the risk of injury and death in a vehicle by about half.

Right Fuel for Vehicle

Octane number is very crucial
The octane number is crucial for the optimum performance of the engine. The regular grade gasoline recommended for most vehicles has an octane number 87. High performance cars need premium grade gasoline or octane fuel with a rating of 89, 91 or 93. Many people think using premium grade gasoline gives better mileage and the vehicle moves faster. Fuel with a higher octane number helps the engine only if it is suggested by the manufacturer.

If the octane number is too high, it can adversely affect the fuel efficiency of the vehicle. The engine in a car designed to use 87 octane produces less power burning 91 or 93 octane. This makes the engine consume more fuel to perform at the same level.

Avoid using low grade or super fuels
Low grade fuel contains impurities and is not good for the engine in the long run. These impurities result in clogged filters and fuel lines. This, in turn, results in low fuel economy and poor performance of the vehicle.

Super fuels are not recommended unless suggested by the manufacturer. They contain additives that may clean the injectors, but can spoil the linings in the cylinder when used regularly. They are not that beneficial and are expensive.

Avoid driving at low fuel
Remember not to run your vehicle with low fuel in the tank. Here are some reasons why you should not drive your vehicle with low fuel for long distances – the fuel pump in the fuel tank could get damaged from overheating when the fuel is too low. The condensation of moisture in the air in the tank results in the accumulation of water and this water may get into the fuel pump and damage it.

LED Strips

DOs: The LED strips are flexible so they can be bent accordingly, within its limits of course. The strips can be bent no less than 90 degrees; you don’t want to snap them in half and break the circuits now. They’re great to trace as a border around your headlights because of the smooth and curved surface. You would have to know the limits of these LED strips so you don’t somehow bend them awkwardly or anything. When you bend the strip, the radius must be more than 20 degrees before you risk damaging them. As a car enthusiast, that’s probably the last thing you want to do.

DON’Ts: The LED strips may be flexible, but that doesn’t mean that they can be abused either. Don’t bend the LED at an extremely sharp angle or bend them horizontally, as these should be a given. While it may not be like the world is going to end if you somehow snapped your LED light strip, it’s still somewhat of a hassle to replace so it’s better not to test the strip’s limits. These harsh actions may damage your new strip’s circuit board and will result in the whole strip failing to light up. Imagine the embarrassment of being at an intersection with a half-lit set of awesome strip lights and treat these LED strips right!