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Types of Brake Pads

In the past, the most popular brake pad is the organic brake pad, which is made from asbestos. Asbestos is effective in absorbing and dissipating heat from friction. However, when it breaks down, a lot of brake dust will show up, which is harmful to people’s health. Thus, asbestos is gradually abandoned by most of the manufacturers. Instead, the manufacturers have created the nonasbestos organic brake pad, which is made from natural materials like rubber, glass, and resins. The main advantage of this kind of pad is that it’s environmental-friendly and is easier to be disposed of. Nevertheless, the disappointing fact is that since it is much softer, it wears faster, creating even more dust than the ones made from asbestos. Besides, although nonasbestos organic ones work well in normal street driving, once exposed to high temperatures or heavy load, they lose their high efficiency in stopping the car. Thus, they are only suitable for small cars that don’t do much aggressive driving, with limited hard stops and the light weight of the car being the necessities as well.

A metallic brake pad is another option for your car. Made from iron, copper, steel and graphite, metallic pads give superb performance in dissipating heat generated by friction between themselves and the brake rotors. The reason why they are so popular among the vehicle users is that they are really cost-effective and durable. Nonetheless, the metallic ones are so heavy that they don’t make a good choice for high performance racing. Also, since they are very hard, they can cause more wear on the brake rotors than other types of the brake pads do. Moreover, when the days are cold, it might take slightly longer than usual for the car with metallic brake pads to stop, for the metallic ones work best when they’re warm.

Light and durable, ceramic brake pads might be the best of all the types of the pads. Made from ceramic fibers, filler material, bonding agents and a small amount of copper fibers, the ceramic brake pad makes itself the best partner of the sports cars. However, due to its high price, it is not as popular as the two types mentioned above.